name 'Cork' derives from the Irish 'Corcach Mór Mumhan'
(pronounced Kurcuk moor moon), which means
the 'great marsh of Munster'. Cork is the capital city of
the province of Munster.
City is Ireland's third city (after Dublin and Belfast) and hasalways
been an important seaport. It began on an island in the swampy
estuary of the River Lee, and gradually climbed up the steep
banks on either side.
the river flows through Cork city in two main channels, so that
you find yourself constantly crossing bridges.
of the main streets are built over channels where ships nuzzled
their anchor-chains ,from the 18th century . Along the South
Mall, you will see large gateways at street level, under steps
leading to a higher main door. These were once boathouses, when
merchants arrived at their warehouses by water.
The area around Cork
harbour was inhabited in prehistoric times and some artefacts, including
axeheads, have been discovered in the environs of the city from that
earliest mention of the Cork Monastary is in the annals is for 682AD, when
the death of Suibne, abbot of the monastery, was recorded. Many of these
references are to attacks on the monastery by the Vikings.The
houses would originally have been built of timber and roofed with thatch
or timber shingles. The materials used for the floors would have been
brushwood, wickerwork matting or gravel. Later, stone houses replaced
the timber buildings.The
Red Abbey, an Augustinian foundation, is the only surviving building
from medieval Cork and it stood outside the walled city.
tower dominates the north side of the city from its lofty hill-top
position. Two sides of the tower are faced with red sandstone, two with
white limestone (local stone) Its peal of eight bells, cast in
Gloucester in 1750, have become famous, and you may play them yourself,
from "music" cards supplied. It has a clock on each face
of the tower, and is known, locally, as the four faced liar, due to the
fact that, in the past, none of the clocks displayed the same time.
of Cork's two cathedrals, it is a splendid triple-spired example of French-gothic architecture. It
stands on the site where Finnbarr established his monastic school about 650 AD.
Among its most striking features are the fine rose window, the mosaic
pavements and the elaborate carving throughout.
Patrick's Bridge and
Cork coat of arms,
carved, found in the rubble of the City Hall, when it was burnt in 1920
Coat of arms, at
entrance of the city
Crawford brewery, established as the Cork Porter Company in 1792, lies
in the heart of the old medieval city. The main part of the building
(pictured) is known as the counting house.
Old English Market
market, was opened in 1610, was reorganized into the present style in
1786. With openings off Princes St, Patrick St and the
Grand Parade, this covered market has a variety of food stalls,
fish, fruit, meat, vegetables etc., standing side by side inside the